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Paper Code  
Title   Material-energy-water nexus: Modelling the long term implications of aluminium demand and supply on global climate change up to 2050
Authors   Ayman Elshkaki, Shen Lei, Wei-Qiang Chen
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Year   2019
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Abstract  

Aluminium is a widely used metal and one of the most energy intensive industries, and therefore it has been included in most energy models and scenarios. Material demand and supply are broadly linked to energy, water, and climate change. In this study, we develop four global and regional process based scenarios for the material-energy-water nexus combined with CO2 emissions and applied to aluminium. The scenarios used in this study are Market World (MW), Toward Resilience (TR), Security Foremost (SF), and Equitability World (EW). The results indicate that global CO2 emissions are expected to increase as a result of increasing aluminium demand, although aluminium secondary supply, energy efficiency, and cleaner energy supply technologies are expected to increase in the next 30 years. Policy and sustainability (TR and EW) scenarios are ultimately the best in terms of global climate change since the two scenarios have the lowest CO2 emissions, although they also have the highest aluminium demand and energy. It is therefore necessary to implement cleaner energy supply and energy efficiency technologies at high rates in aluminium industry to mitigate possible increase in CO2 emissions. 

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Full Text Link   https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935119307613    
Classification: SCI
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Title of Journal: Environmental Research
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